With the increasing influence of Chinese culture today, mahjong has also taken root in many places around the world, and different ways of playing have been derived according to local culture.
So, do you know how many Mahjong games there are in the world? How is mahjong played in other places different from ours? Next, let us find out together.
The State Sports General Administration of China formulated the "Rules of Chinese Mahjong Competition (Trial)" in July 1998, and called the Mahjong rules the National Standard Mahjong.
The national standard mahjong uses 144 mahjong tiles, including 108 tiles of 1 to 9 in three suits of Wanzi, Tongzi, and Suozi , a total of 108 tiles of 27 types, and 16 tiles of four wind tiles, east, south, west, and north. There are 12 arrow cards of 3 kinds of white and white, and 8 flower cards of 8 kinds of spring, summer, autumn, winter, plum, orchid, chrysanthemum and bamboo.
National standard mahjong uses 2 six-sided dice. Before the start of each game, the dealer rolls the first dice to determine the opener, and the opener rolls the second dice to determine the opening position.
More common rules can refer to the following articles:
Mahjong rules in different places
1) Beijing Mahjong
The number of tiles in Beijing Mahjong is 136, of which 8 flower tiles are removed, and the tile wall is 17 tricks on each side.
There is no rule that you must touch yourself when you eat and touch. You can eat Pong cards at will, and there is no restriction on the way of playing cards.
After a player plays a card, "Peng" has priority over "Eat", and "Wu" has priority over "Peng".
2) Sichuan Mahjong
Sichuan mahjong, also known as bloody battle mahjong, is executed in full accordance with some current rules of Chengdu mahjong.
There are only three numbers of mahjong tiles: tube, cable, and ten thousand; you can touch and kong, but you can’t go up; you can only eat if you lack one door;
One person who fires the cannon is in charge; there is a bar for extra points when eating paste;
The last four Sichuan mahjong can be played and must be played; the game is over when there are three players who eat or draw cards;
3) Guangdong Mahjong
Cantonese mahjong uses all 144 tiles.
Divided into four factions: Ji Ping Hu, Overthrow Hu, New Chapter, and Old Chapter.
Among them, only Wanzisuozi is used for pushing and pulling, which can be touched (bar) but not eaten.
Chicken Pinghu uses a plate on the basis of overthrowing Hu, and it can be eaten.
Generally, when playing cards, the number of Hu Fans will be stipulated in advance, and if it is less than that, it cannot be Hu Fan.
4) Hong Kong Mahjong
Because Hong Kong mahjong has many changes in the calculation of fan numbers, mahjong players are given enough room to play, so everyone tries to make big names. beliefs and principles.
In addition, in terms of the number of cards, Hong Kong mahjong does not play the 16 tiles popular in Taiwan, but the 13 tiles commonly used in mainland China. But there are more tricks in the gameplay, and the winning cards are somewhat similar to Taiwanese mahjong. On the one hand, the number of cards is small, and on the other hand, there are many ways to win cards, so each game of cards is played very quickly. Perhaps it is because Hong Kong people have a fast pace of life, so mahjong is also fast to play.
5) Japanese sparrow
As a student of Chinese culture, Japanese mahjong originated from China, and its gameplay is similar.
In terms of rules, Japanese mahjong is similar to Hong Kong mahjong, and it will also limit the minimum number of games, but it has a little flexibility. If you don't have enough games but are eager to play cards, you can try "reporting" first.
The opening of Japanese Mahjong is somewhat different from our Mahjong. At the beginning, everyone gets a total of 25,000 points
- The seven tricks counting forward from the direction from which the card is drawn is the ace. These cards will remain until the end of the field.
- Hu cards include Rong Hu and Zimo. Ronghu refers to the cards played by others (shooting guns), and Zimo refers to the cards that one draws.
When a wild card occurs, the player who listens to the card shows his hand to all players, and each player receives and pays points to each other.
However, there are many rules in Japanese mahjong, for example, don't eat "returning grass", that is, you can't play cards you have let go. When many people first came to Japan to play mahjong, they could not understand this rule.
6) Singapore Mahjong
It is no exaggeration to say that where there are Chinese, there is mahjong. As a country dominated by Chinese, Singapore's mahjong culture is also quite popular.
What is quite different is that Singapore Mahjong has two more flower tiles of cat and mouse, chicken and centipede than Chinese mahjong. If you get any set of face cards, you can collect chips from all opponents at once, this is purely luck.
In addition, the number of Singapore Mahjong is multiplied. For example, if you draw one hand, you can only charge double the money, but you can collect 64 times the chips if you win one. Take the big one.
7) Taiwan Sparrow
Compared with other types of mahjong, Taiwan mahjong has an obvious difference, that is, the number of tiles has been expanded from 13 to 16, which makes the type of winning tiles more complicated.
Adding up and adding up, the probability of mahjong players' winning cards increases geometrically, so when playing Taiwan mahjong , you must adjust your hand type at any time according to the changes in the game, in order to win the largest number of cards.
Do you know what is called "eye card"? Taiwan mahjong has a particularly prominent feature is its "eye card". The word "eye" means "seeing". The so-called "eye card" means that a player has the right to check the bottom of the concealed kong cards after listening to the cards. Of course, there is a corresponding price to be paid for exercising this right. First of all, the person with the "eye card" is not allowed to change the type of the card he is currently listening to, and can only draw it himself; secondly, if someone else wins, the person with the "eye card" has to pay the person who wins an additional "eye card fee". .
8) American Mahjong
Mahjong has been played in the United States for more than a century. The National Mahjong League was established in 1937, and now the league has more than 350,000 members.There are a total of 152 tiles in American mahjong, including 144 common Chinese mahjong ten thousand barrels, wind tiles, middle hair white tiles, and flower tiles, and the original 8 joker tiles created by American mahjong.
The name of each card is also very interesting. "白" is white dragon, "中" is red dragon, and "fa" is green dragon. Some mahjong directly print these cards as dragons of different colors.
Because of the existence of Joker, in addition to Pung and Kong Kong, American mahjong can also be Quint (five of the same), Sixtet (six of the same).
The way of winning cards is also different from ours. They only need to form the correct combination of cards according to the rules and then win.
There are different cultures around the world, and mahjong will also be played in different ways according to the local culture. For which kind of mahjong is played, please leave a message to the editor, and then I will take you to understand the gameplay and rules in depth.